1 in 4 adults are living with HIV/AIDS in Lesotho
The Kingdom of Lesotho is a land-locked country surrounded by South Africa. It is a country crisscrossed by an extensive network of rivers and mountain ranges making access to health care a challenge for much of the population. The most prevalent non-communicable diseases are cardio-vascular diseases which account to 14% of total deaths across all age groups. Cancer, Diabetes, and respiratory diseases account for 9% . The remaining 77% of deaths are a result of communicable diseases, accidents, and trauma.
The Lesotho Demographic Health Survey (LDHS) of 2014 is the most current source of information regarding health demographic and indicators in the country. The report includes details on fertility levels, marriage, sexual activity, fertility preferences, awareness and use of family planning methods, breastfeeding practices, nutrition, childhood and maternal mortality, maternal and child health, awareness and behavior regarding HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). It also deals with health issues such as smoking, knowledge of breast cancer, and male circumcision.
The LDHS provides estimates of anemia prevalence among children age 6 - 59 months and adults and estimates of hypertension and HIV prevalence among adults.
Some headline information from the LDHS relating to maternal and child health:
- Fertility rate of 3.8 births per woman. This rate is higher in the rural areas than urban.
- 19% of women age 16 - 19 have begun child-bearing.
- Increase of use of contraception from 47% (2009) to 60% (2014).
- Infant mortality rate is 59 deaths per 1000 live births. 69% of those occurs within first 12 months, of which 40% are within the first month - majority due to diarrhea and respiratory infections.
- 90% of urban and 73% rural women are delivered by skilled birth attendants.
- 62% of Basotho children receive all the prescribed childhood vaccinations.
- Over 33% of children are stunted showing serious malnutrition.
- 51% of the whole population is anemic.
- The HIV prevalence rate is approximately 23% in the age between 15 to 49 years.
The LDHS does not cover the non-communicable disease or communicable disease. But like the rest of the world, there is an increase in non-communicable disease due to urbanization.
Ms Teboho Lesei
RFHD Co-ordinator: Lesotho
The Rotary Family Health Days launched in 2019 in Lesotho.
- Campaign was held the 16-18 October 2019
- Country Program Manager is DGE Maud Boikanyo
- 4 Sites provided a set of core services to the citizens of Lesotho
- Launch Site took place 15 October 2019 with His Majesty, King Letsie III- a long time supporter of the Rotary Club, partners including AIDS Healthcare Foundation, RFHA Inc, local Rotary clubs, and the media houses- along with 250 community members
The 2020 Campaign in Lesotho delayed to 2021 - days to be confirmed